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KNOWN AS “TABAQAT FAHL”
The ruins of the ancient city of Pella (known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl) lay amidst the fertile Jordan Valley, 130 km North West of Amman. Pella is historically considered as the most significant site in all Jordan as it is thought to have been continuously inhabited for more than 6,000 years, from the Stone Age to medieval Islamic times. Under the Greeks, the settlement earned the name ‘Pella’ after the birthplace of Alexander the Great and it was to Pella that Christians sought refuge from the Roman persecution in Jerusalem in AD 66. Although Pella was a Decapolis city but it is not that impressive nowadays as most of the ruins are scattered and need excavations due to the devastating 747 AD earthquake which destroyed most of the city. A visitor can observe the ruins of a Byzantine civic complex church, a small Odeon, a 14th century small square Mamluk mosque, various churches, baths and tombs from different periods and the remains of an Umayyad settlement, which consisted of houses, shops and storehouses.